Common equine poisons

A number of common plants and other substances are poisonous to horses and other equines. Read more about them here, and if you think your horse, pony or donkey has been poisoned, contact your vet immediately.

Ragwort

All parts of the ragwort plant are poisonous. Horses are thought to dislike the taste of ragwort, and they usually only eat it when there¿s little choice of other plants. Dried ragwort is still toxic and horses seem to find it more appealing.

Phenoxy acid herbicides

Phenoxy acid herbicides are a type of weed killer used on garden lawns. Other types of weed killer may also be toxic to horses. Poisoning happens when horses eat recently treated plants.

Rodent poisons ('rodenticides')

Anticoagulant rodenticides are particularly poisonous to horses, though other types of rat poison may also be harmful to them. Anticoagulants act by preventing blood clotting.  The baits are usually coloured blue or green (sometimes purple or red) and can be sold in the form of a powder, paste, seeds or grains. Your horse may need blood tests to confirm poisoning, and most horses will require a course of the antidote.

Yew tree

All parts of the yew tree are poisonous to animals, including the seeds inside the fleshy fruit. Poisoning can happen all year round and even dried material can be toxic. Symptoms may develop rapidly, and horses poisoned by yew can die suddenly.

Leyland Cypress

All parts of this plant are potentially toxic.

Oak

Oak poisoning usually occurs in either the spring (from eating young shoots) or in the autumn (after eating acorns and fallen leaves).

Read more on what to do if you think your horse, pony or donkey has been poisoned.

Acknowledgement for this information is made to The Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS).

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