Key welfare issues

Long distance live transport can cause a number of welfare problems including:

  • Mental distress for the animals, due to the unusual and potentially frightening sights, movements, noises, smells, unfamiliar animals and stockpersons they will encounter.
  • Injuries if the animals are not handled appropriately and carefully during loading and unloading, and transported in well-designed, comfortable vehicles.
  • Hunger and dehydration, if animals are not provided with appropriate food, water and plenty of rest breaks.
  • Heat stress, if animals are transported for long periods in hot weather.

The risk of these problems occurring increases with journey time.


We're concerned that current laws governing the live transport of animals are not nearly good enough to safeguard animal welfare effectively on long journeys.

We're delighted the UK Government is consulting on new standards on the transport of animals in key areas such as journey times, space allowances and a ban on live animal exports.


Effective enforcement of live transport laws has over the years been lacking in many EU member states. This is why we're delighted the UK Government has proposed a live exports ban. It's also crucial to enforce the rules effectively in the UK, reducing the risk of animal suffering.

Find out how you can help improve the conditions in which all animals are transported.

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