Using animals in research and testing is a controversial issue. People often disagree as to whether they think animal experiments are necessary, useful or justified, and to what extent non-animal alternatives are available. We believe that every area of animal use should be judged individually and that replacing the use of animals with humane alternatives must be the principal goal.
Areas of animal use
Experiments on animals are carried out for many different purposes:
- developing and testing medicines and vaccines for humans or animals
- studying how animals’ and humans’ bodies function
- assessing the safety of chemicals, such as pesticides, for their possible effects on human health or the environment.
What we think
We know that animals can experience pain and distress in experiments and that this can be severe. The way that animals are bred, transported, housed and handled may also cause suffering. We take a constructive, practical approach, liaising with people involved in animal use in government, industry and science to ensure that:
- the necessity and justification for using animals is always critically reviewed
- everything possible is done to speed up the development of humane alternatives
- every possible step is taken to reduce the numbers of animals used, and to significantly reduce their suffering and improve their welfare.
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For updates on our work to help lab animals, along with general news and views relating to animal experiments, follow us at: @RSPCA_LabAnimal
- It is estimated that more than 100 million animals are used in experiments each year across the world. Attitudes to animals, and the legislation in place regarding their use and welfare, vary widely between countries.
- In the UK, the use of animals in experiments is regulated by the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 - which is administered by the Animals in Science Regulation Unit of the Home Office. Under this law, all breeding and use of animals has to be carried out in licensed premises, the research itself has to be set out in a project licence application which is submitted to the Home Office for authorisation, and the people carrying out the research also have to be licensed.